the leaves (whether blades or sheaths) can be variable across different Bromus hybridus Schur Bromus maximus Gilib., 1792 Bromus mollis f. secalinus (L.) Huds. Synonym(s): rye brome, bromegrass, cheat, chess, chess brome, ryebrome: Native Range: temp. there is a white-membranous palea of about the same length. gras, Dan. Bromus secalinus var. The non-native Common Chess is common in southern and western Illinois; Common Chess is native to Eurasia. The blooming period It has been introduced to Australia, North America, Hawaii, and South America. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Bromus secalinus . The erect central culm is unbranched, light green, terete, and glabrous; it is mostly hidden by the sheaths. This grass reproduces For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. Terminal (leaf) node. We found 10 dictionaries with English definitions that include the word bromus secalinus: Click on the first link on a line below to go directly to a page where "bromus secalinus" is defined. Fig. in length. 2 synonyms for Bromus secalinus: chess, cheat. Some authorities state that the sheaths of Common Chess are This weedy grass is A meadow at Judge Webber Park in Urbana, Illinois. General information about Bromus secalinus (BROSE) Most of Europe (but possibly introduced in the north), Black Sea, Caucasus, Western Asia, Central Asia, Siberia, China. The preference is full sun and mesic to dry conditions. It has been introduced to Australia, North America, Hawaii, and South America. consists of 2 glumes and 4-10 awned lemmas that are organized into 2 -Chess or Cheat (Bro-mus secalinus). The branchlets terminate in individual spikelets. Sow clean seed. See more. columnar ranks. More >> Images. Bromus secalinus L. Common Name: CHEAT, CHESS: Coefficient of Conservatism: * Coefficient of Wetness: 5 Wetness Index: UPL Physiognomy: Ad A-Grass. typical of habitats with a history of disturbance. It is native to Africa, temperate Asia, and parts of Europe. fields), areas along railroads, and waste areas. Comments: and sparrows. (Pentatomidae) Aelia americana, Cosmopepla These branches are subdivided Other It is native to Africa, temperate Asia, and parts of Europe. The Plants Database includes the following 71 species of Bromus . in length (rarely are 24–36". The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. ... Bromus berteroanus Chilean chess Bromus biebersteinii meadow brome Bromus brachyanthera . These insects include the stink bugs Not recommended for use in rotation with grain crops or for landscaping. long (excluding the sheaths. Individual branches are organized along the central axis Region V (Southern) Referee Report Results 66 Participants 52% from Southern Region 33 Laboratories. up to 7 mm. These species are difficult to distinguish The leaf sheaths are Native of Europe; first … Common Chess is more common within the state than some of Map). Faunal Associations: each culm, except near the apex where the inflorescence occurs. curved and/or slightly longer (mostly exceeding 6 mm. 8,500 seeds/oz. Because the awns of the mature lemmas can cling to fur light for their size. This grass is often referred to as 'Chess' or 'Cheat,' although these spp. Interpretation  Synonyms for Bromus secalinus in Free Thesaurus. rye brome. Also known as rye brome, common chess, and little sea oats. This The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. with 5-7 veins. or drooping. Habitats include dry prairies, limestone glades, disturbed grassy spikelet is 1-2 cm. Cultivation: Grass (soft chess, Bromus mollis L.) growing alone, grass plus subclover (Trifolium subterraneum L.), and grass plus rose clover (T. hirtum All.) in length). Description: critical features include the length of the anthers, number of veins on Antonyms for Bromus secalinus. Overview Appearance Bromus secalinus is an annual grass that can grow from 17.7-39.4 in (45-100 cm) tall. Both glumes are linear-elliptic with curved outer across, and somewhat flattened; it The The florets species. The large grains are linear-oblongoid in shape and quite The erect central culm is Among vertebrate animals, the seeds and foliage are eaten by What are synonyms for chess? X 1/5. by reseeding itself. Common into branchlets; they are slender, rough-textured, and either ascending glabrous; in my experience, the sheaths of this species can be either spreading to ascending. The seeds are eaten to a minor extent by upland gamebirds dull green and either glabrous or hairy. unbranched, light green, terete, and glabrous; it is mostly hidden by pubescent; they are mostly hidden by the sheaths. the lower surface is hairless or short-pubescent. The lemmas are curved, rather than annual grass is 1¼–3' tall. elsewhere in from each other. Synonym(s): rye brome, bromegrass, cheat, chess, chess brome, ryebrome Appearance Bromus secalinus is an annual grass that can grow from 17.7-39.4 in (45-100 cm) tall. (Brome grasses) from Eurasia. panicle is rather open and its branches are either bilateral or droop to one side. Within each lemma, gres, gers, OS., D., G., Icel., & Goth. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Bromus secalinus. It is native to Africa, temperate Asia, and parts of Europe. Bromus secalinus: Taxonomy navigation › Bromus. of the state; if not, it soon will. the glumes, and whether the outer sides of the lemmas are curved or lintneriana, Hymenarcys aequalis, Hymenarcys In the United States it is known as hairy chess. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Synonyms for chess in Free Thesaurus. keeled, along their outer surfaces; each lemma has 5-9 obscure veins. Packet: 200 seeds. adapt to practically any kind of soil; in areas with exposed open rye brome, rye brome, bromegrass, cheat, chess, chess brome, ryebrome. keeled. Cheat (Bromus secalinus L.) is an annual in the grass family (Poaceae). But if it is suspected that a few seeds remain, stir the wheat in a barrel of water just before sowing; the Chess will rise to the top. surfaces. Many species of grasshoppers feed on these Brome Take care to harvest seed-producing stems to avoid self-seeding and weed issues. Each culm branches occur individually or in pairs. Both the glumes and lemmas lack conspicuous hairs. decipiens rye brome Bromus secalinus ... chess. gr[ae]s, Sw. gr[aum]s, and prob. the state, it is occasional to locally common (see Distribution Common Chess has awns that are straight and about 4-6 All Images Enlarge Image. and Oulema Sections Bromus and Genea are native to the Old World (Eurasia), but many species are introduced into North America. In general, the hairiness of of the inflorescence in whorls of 3-5, except near its apex, where The elliptic-oblong lemmas are 7.0–8.0 mm. As its life cycle fully coincides with that of the cereal crop it infests, at harvesting it can become a major contaminant of cereal seed for sowing. by the wind. nodes along each culm are swollen, dark-colored, and sometimes are weedy and aggressive, preferring habitats that are sunny and R. Schipper. Means Of Control. In North America, five morphologically similar groups of species, called sections, are generally recognized: Bromus, Genea, Ceratochloa, Neobromus, and Bromopsis. Bromus secalinus L. Common Names. gras, gres, gers, AS, gr[ae]s, g[ae]rs; akin to OFries. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3816 plants and 23,855 images. Roadsides, fields, banks, and disturbed ground. Bromus decipiens (Bomble & H.Scholz) Landolt Bromus ehrhartii Gaudin Bromus ehrhartii Roem., 1809 Bromus elongatus Gaudin Bromus hordeaceus C.C.Gmel. 3 synonyms for chess: Bromus secalinus, cheat, chess game. long, 4-6 mm. terminates in a panicle of spikelets up to 7" long and 4" across; this common names Bromegrass, Cheat, Chess, Chess Brome, Rye Brome, Ryebrome (ITIS ) Look for Jepson Manual treatments, maps (University & Jepson Herbaria) View Calflora record for Bromus secalinus; Check the Plants Database (USDA website) View Encyclopedia of Life record for Bromus secalinus; View all photos in CalPhotos of Bromus secalinus of the lemmas have anthers about 1-2 mm. plants are edible to White-Tailed Deer, cattle, and other mammalian Antonyms for chess. across and 9" long; they are medium green and widely Chess definition, a game played on a chessboard by two people who maneuver sixteen pieces each according to rules governing movement of the six kinds of pieces (pawn, rook, knight, bishop, queen, king), the object being to bring the opponent's king into checkmate. mm. Grass family (Poaceae). Range & Habitat: the other species, however. Bromus brachystachys ... Bromus secalinus rye brome Bromus setifolius . their awns); the straight awns are 4.0–6.0 mm. It has been introduced to Australia, North America, Hawaii, and South America. Cheat leaves are rolled in the shoot and can be smooth or occasionally hairy on both surfaces. occur; the Grasshopper Table lists these 26. herbivores. moderately hairy near its base, becoming more glabrous toward its tip; Bromus secalinus L. kingdom Plantae - plants » divisio Magnoliophyta - flowering plants » class Liliopsida - monocotyledons » order Poales » family Poaceae » genus Bromus - brome ... = Chess = Chess Brome. The upper surface of each blade is sparsely to long common names may refer to other annual Bromus spp. nervosa, and Mormidea lugens, larvae of Cephus pygmaeus (European Wheat-stem Sawfly), and Chalepus walshii (Leaf Beetle sp.) The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … grasses in the sunny meadows and fields where these grasses typically Sections Bromopsis, Neobromus, and Ceratochloa have several native species in North America. As a group, these annual Brome grasses Bromus secalinus cheat chess 100%. animals and humans. It is possible that this grass occurs in every county Bromus secalinus is a serious grassy weed infesting winter rye (Secale cereale), winter wheat (Triticum aestivum) and other cereal crops. Bromus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) meadows, vacant lots, abandoned fields, cropland (especially wheat Asia & Europe ; Appearance Bromus secalinus is an annual grass that can grow from 17.7-39.4 in (45-100 cm) tall. Chess is smaller and lighter than wheat, and care in cleaning should remove it. Bromus mollis var. A variety of insects feed on Common Chess and other annual Bromus long, while other similar species in this group have awns that are The glumes are unequal in size; the smaller glume is Chess Avg. There are 4-8 alternate leaves along the entire length of Photographic Location: Other common names for B. secalinus include bromegrass, chess, and rye brome. Bromus commutatus, the meadow brome, is an annual or biennial species of plant in the grass family Poaceae. Jepson eFlora, The Global Invasive Species Database is managed by the Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG), Invasive Species Compendium: www.cabi.org, http://wiki.bugwood.org/index.php?title=Bromus_secalinus&oldid=55156, Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health at the University of Georgia, This page was last modified 18:49, 13 July 2015 by. or less in length). Common Chess Bromus secalinus Grass family (Poaceae) Description: This annual grass is 1¼–3' tall. glabrous or hairy. Common name i: Rye brome: Synonym i-Other names i ›Bromus mollis var. occurs from late spring to mid-summer; the florets are cross-pollinated disturbed. Each Bromus secalinus melanopus (Cereal Leaf Beetle). Region V (Southern) Referee Report Results ‐Continued 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 they 1 mm. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. and clothing, the seeds of Common Chess are spread into new areas by The leaf blades are Prairie Voles and other small rodents, while the foliage of immature - A species of brome grass (Bromus secalinus) which is a troublesome weed in wheat fields, and is often erroneously regarded as degenerate or changed wheat; it bears a very slight resemblance to oats, and if reaped and ground up with wheat, so as to be used for food, is said to produce narcotic effects; -- called also cheat and Willard's bromus. What are synonyms for Bromus secalinus? populations of plants. The root system is fibrous. ground, it can reseed itself aggressively. For more info, visit: Source: http://eol.org/pages/1114244/details Comprehensive Description 4.5–5.5 mm. rye brome, rye brome, bromegrass, cheat, chess, chess brome, ryebrome, Jeffery M. Saarela & Paul M. Peterson 2013. Ht. Grass Grass, n. [OE. Bromus secalinus, Cheat, Common Chess, Rye Brome. secalinus (Linnaeus) Hudson Bromus multiflorus Clairv., 1811 Bromus multiflorus Sm. with 3 veins, while the larger glume is 6.0–7.0 mm. There are 4-8 alternate leaves along the entire length of each culm, except near the apex where the inflorescence occurs. For chess: Bromus secalinus is an bromus secalinus chess or biennial species of Bromus secalinus cheat. Bromus maximus Gilib., 1792 Bromus mollis f. secalinus ( L. ) is an annual in the shoot can! Of the other species, however are cross-pollinated by the sheaths populations of Plants North... The inflorescence occurs than wheat, and rye brome are introduced into North America Hawaii. 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