Timeline 1940s. The world was headed toward rearmament and warfare in the early to mid-1940s, and the movie industry, like every other aspect of life, responded to the national war effort by making movies, producing many war-time favorites, and having stars (and film industry employees) enlist or report for duty. Concise Illustrated History of 1940s Fashion and Style for Women. August 29: The Soviet Union conducted the first nuclear bomb test,in what is today Kazakhstan. August 21: Russian Revolution leader Leon Trotsky was assassinated in Mexico City. Churchill becomes Britain's prime minister. People born in the early 1940s were already in their late 20’s when the hippie movement got into full swing, but some may have been beatniks, the predecessor to the late 60’s hippie. CDC quickly sets up an influenza surveillance unit, a joint operation of the Epidemiology and Laboratory Branches. June 13: The first V-1 flying bomb attack was carried out on the city of London, one of two Vergeltungswaffen (retaliatory weapons) used in the campaign against Britain in 1944 and 1945. CDC twenty four seven. October 1: After the Chinese Communist Revolution, part of the Chinese Civil War, leader and party chairman Mao Zedong proclaimed the creation of the People's Republic of China. October 8: Inventor Percy Spencer filed the first of what would be 150 patents for the Microwave oven, to be made available to the public as the Radarange. [28 The 2nd meeting of the 1st People's Political Council was held in Chongqing.15 Benjamin O. Davis, Sr. is appointed as a General in the United States Army, becoming the first African-American to hold such a position. Source: The Canadian Encyclopedia Online May 1940Nanaimo's Civic Arena officially opened 1940Canadian-American biochemist Martin Kamen discovered carbon-14, an isotope of carbon later used to date archaeological July 1, The Communicable Disease Center (CDC) is organized around the foundation of its predecessor, the Malaria Control in War Areas program. Those born after the 40s tend to assume that life must have been seen in black-and-white then because most photographs from that time don’t show any color. You will be subject to the destination website's privacy policy when you follow the link. The first half of the 1940s was absorbed with World War II. By far the biggest event for Americans in 1941 was the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941, a day that would indeed, as FDR said, live in infamy. March: British astronomer Fred Hoyle, appearing on a BBC radio program, described the current theory of how the universe began as "one big bang at a particular time in the remote past," making the notion accessible to the public imagination and even though he didn't at the time accept it. Jan 5 Finnish offensive at Suomossalmi against Russia Jan 6 Mass execution of Poles, committed by Germans in the city of Poznań, Warthegau. While officially sanctioned or not, as a rule, African-Americans did not enjoy the … A fully illustrated history of 1940s fashion and style for women, from 1940 to 1949. Germany invades Denmark, Norway, France, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands during World War II. 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1940th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 940th year of the 2nd millennium, the 40th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1940s decade. September 29–30: In the Babi Yar Massacre, Nazis killed over 33,000 Jews from Kiev in a ravine in Ukraine; the killing would continue for months and involve at least 100,000 people. U.S. trades 50 destroyers for leases on British bases in Western Hemisphere. In the anticommunist furor of post-World War II America, many crusaders targeted the media as a site of subversive infiltration. President Franklin D. Roosevelt knew that World War II (1939–45) would bring an end to the British Empire and reduce British influence. Timelineicon. The United States emerged as a world leader during the 1940s. Research 1940s clothing styles, trends & history with our year-by-year timeline & 50+ pictures. Everyone collectively breathed a sigh of relief. She invented the concept, physical therapy. August 15: Emperor Hirohito announces the surrender of Japan, formally signed on September 2. August 23: The Battle of Stalingrad began, the largest confrontation of Germany and its allies against the Soviet Union in an attempt to gain control of the city. Americans had great pride in their work and country. The decisive win by the U.S. is considered a turning point in the Pacific theater. The plan was to conquer the western Soviet Union and repopulate it with Germans; and in the process, the German armies captured some five million troops and starved or otherwise killed 3.3 million prisoners of war. While racism was still very present, the integration movement had made some progress in the wake of World War II. The war was a time of worry and heartache for people around the world, but life went on in spite of the senseless, tragic conflict that consumed the lives of so many loved ones, destroyed homes and livelihoods, and scattered families around the globe. It serves to contextualize the growth and evolution of VIU. February 19: President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed an Executive Order commanding the relocation of Japanese Americans families from their homes and businesses to internment camps. November 5: President Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected to an unprecedented third term. July 6: Anne Frank and her family went into hiding from the Nazis in an attic apartment behind her father's pectin-trading business in Amsterdam. May 24: The British battle-cruiser HMS Hood was sunk by the Bismarck during the Battle of Denmark Strait; the Royal Navy sunk the Bismarck three days later. It proved immensely popular, with several advantages over the fountain pen—a smooth ball bearing instead of a scratchy nib, and an instant-drying ink that only had to be refilled once every six months. Adolf Hitler's Nazi Germany invaded Poland in September 1939, and the war dominated Europe from that moment until the Nazis surrendered. The United States was drawn into World War II with the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor in December 1941 and was then involved in both the European and Pacific theaters until peace came in May 1945 in Europe and August of that year in the Pacific. Please continue to check our website and social media accounts for additional updates. July 1: Nuclear testing began in the Bikini Atoll, Marshall Islands, the first of 23 detonations by the United States between 1946 and 1958. Subsequently, the Surgeon General designates CDC as the office to plan, administer, and furnish aid to state health departments to meet emergency demands. The drinking age was still 18, so young adults could drink as soon as they could vote. With World War II over, the news lightened up considerably in 1946. In 1940 or late 1939, the Nazis began "Operation T4," the first mass killings of Germans and Austrians with disabilities, most by large-scale poison gas operations. June 8: George Orwell's landmark "Nineteen Eighty-Four" was published. The 1940s Technology. Introduction 1.1940s Fashion Trends 2.WW2 Fashion – … As a result, CDC establishes the, Inactivated polio vaccine licensed; “Cutter incident” investigated, CDC gains worldwide recognition for the quality and quantity of its contributions to the taxonomy of the Enterobacteriaceae, a family of germs that are difficult to treat because of their resistance to antibiotics, National Rabies Control Activities Unit is established, providing a coordinated program for all aspects of the disease, The Communicable Disease Center National Surveillance Program is developed to maintain constant vigilance over communicable diseases to respond immediately when an outbreak occurs, Twenty EIS officers collaborate in the National Program for the Evaluation of, The U.S. Public Health Service becomes part of the newly-created Cabinet-level Department of Health, Education and Welfare after the Federal Security Agency is dissolved, First EIS investigations on environmental exposure (trichloroethylene and occupational exposure (anthrax), The Epidemic Intelligence Service participates in 205 outbreaks; most common are infectious hepatitis, poliomyelitis, histoplasmosis, gastroenteritis, encephalitis, typhoid fever, leptospirosis and influenza, Reorganization of CDC reduces the number of branches into five well-defined spheres of activity: Epidemiology, Training, Technology, Laboratory, and Administrative, A team of CDC physicians, engineers, and entomologists is sent to Southeast Asia to assist in developing, CDC begins to withdraw from active participation in the operational phases of the National Malaria Eradication Program and discontinues the Malaria Control Residual Spray Program, shifting interest to surveillance, supporting training programs, consultation and research studies with the states, A committee on air-borne disease studies is established, with emphasis on sampling techniques and devices adaptable to biological warfare defense, CDC’s Reference Diagnostic Service Center becomes available to all public health laboratories. Their vaccine uses fertilized chicken eggs in a method that is still used to produce most flu vaccines today. The Second World War dominated the 1940s and no city was more susceptible to its effects than London. The United States emerged as a world leader during the 1940s. 1949. The 1940s (pronounced "nineteen-forties" and commonly abbreviated as the "Forties") was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, 1940, and ended on December 31, 1949. The Production Division is renamed the Audio-Visual Production Division, producing more than 50 health films for field training; CDC’s Reference Diagnostic Service Center becomes available to all public health laboratories. There were several technological advances in recording and playback, however. 1940s: Thomas Francis, Jr., MD and Jonas Salk, MD serve as lead researchers at the University of Michigan to develop the first inactivated flu vaccine with support from the U.S. Army. November: The Slinky toy was demonstrated at Gimbel's department store in Philadelphia. The Production Division is renamed the Audio-Visual Production Division, producing more than 50 health films for field training; CDC’s Reference Diagnostic Service Center becomes available to all public health laboratories. Marvel Comics introduces Captain America in March 1941. Standard New Jersey light trap is modified to create the, CDC investigates the first recorded epidemic of inhalation, CDC participates in a cooperative program to develop accurate, standard cholesterol measurement procedures. October: The Warsaw Ghetto, the largest of the Jewish ghettos opened by the Nazi, was established in Poland, and would eventually house as many as 460,000 Jews there in an area of 1.3 square miles. Timeline. There were several technological advances in recording and playback, however. The 1940s Technology. July 22: The militant right-wing Zionist organization known as the Irgun bombed the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, killing 91 people. Family group, possibly West Kerry What happened in 1949? February 24: Juan Perón was elected president of Argentina. Fortunately for all, the 1940s was a decade of inventions of all kinds. February 4–11: The leaders of the United States (President Franklin Roosevelt), the United Kingdom (Prime Minister Winston Churchill) and the Soviet Union (premier Josef Stalin) met to decide the post-war fate of Germany and Europe, at the Yalta Conference. Christmas Movies in the 1940s. Practicing physicians who have hard-to-identify specimens submit through their health departments President Harry S. Truman ordered the building of the hydrogen bomb, on June 25th, the Korean War … Trotsky assassinated in Mexico (Aug. 20). What happened in 1949? 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