Family: Adoxaceae, Caprifoliaceae. Viburnum dentatum (Arrowood Viburnum) Viburnum nudum (Possumhaw Viburnum) Perennials. Flowers are white to cream; fruit dark blue; common in moist soils. A tally of flowering dates for the upland Adirondack areas compiled by Michael Kudish, based on data collected from the early seventies to the early nineties, lists flowering dates from 16 June to 18 June. Northern Wild Raisin (Viburnum nudum var cassinoides) is a deciduous shrub that produces clusters of small white flowers in late June and colorful, pinkish berry-like fruit which matures to near-black in fall.Â This shrub is abundant on poorly drained soils in swamps and bogs in the Adirondacks.Â. It may also occur in non-wetlands thickets, clearings, and forest edges. The one that catches my eye at this time of year is Viburnum nudum 'Winterthur'. Online Conservation Guide for Floodplain Forest. Petals are often brightly colored or unusually shaped to attract pollinators. Viburnum nudum var. Southern Arrowwood, Viburnum recognitum – Grows to 3 meters tall. Version 7.1. Compact cultivar of native smooth viburnum, perfect for low, damp spots. The pattern of iNaturalist observations for the Adirondack Park over recent years is consistent with that data. The Northern Wild Raisin is quite similar to several other viburnums that grow in the Adirondacks.Â Leaf shape, habit, and habitat help distinguish them from each other.Â. Each individual fruit is oval with a nipple-like tip. Viburnum nudum var. Online Conservation Guide for Spruce-Fir Swamp. The Plants of Pennsylvania: An Illustrated Manual. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Field Guide to North American Wildflowers. The Plants Database. Macphail Woods Ecological Forestry. New York State. University of Michigan Herbarium. On Staten Island it is associated with sweetgum swamps … A related species, Possum-haw (Viburnum nudum), is listed at … Go Botany. Viburnum nudum usually grows in a woodland setting, but is also commonly found in moist sites like swamps and bogs. Genus: Viburnum. The selection “Winterthur’ will have a stronger berry set if you also plant a straight species. The flowers, which appear in … This species has showy, white clusters of flowers and gives off a musky smell. (meaning that the leaves are not divided into leaflets) and oppositeOpposite Leaves: Leaves occurring in pairs at a node, with one leaf on either side of the stem., meaning that they appear in pairs, directly across from each other on the stem. Asclepias incarnata (Swamp Milkweed) Caltha palustris (Marsh Marigold) Eupatorium perfoliatum (Common Boneset) Iris versicolor (Blue Flag Iris) Juncus effusus (Soft Rush) Lobelia siphilitica (Great Blue Lobelia) Onoclea sensibilis (Sensitive Fern) State Rank: S1. cassinoides. Online Conservation Guide for Black Spruce-Tamarack Bog. Online Conservation Guide for Shrub Swamp. Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: No. 586-591. Northern White Raisin is classified as a Facultative Wetland (FACW) plant, meaning that it usually occurs in wetlands on poorly-drained soils, but can occasionally be found in non-wetlands on fairly well-drained soil. Available https://explorer.natureserve.org. 2020. Retrieved 10 February 2020. NatureServe. Retrieved 10 February 2020. Viburnum nudum. In Pennsylvania, it represents a southerly species and has been documented in a few southeastern counties. The berry-like fruit appears in clusters after flowering. Its ripe fruit is eaten by many kinds of wildlife. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 26 January 2017. William K. Chapman and Alan E. Bessette. 2020. Withe-rod. Adirondack Habitats: Northern Wild Raisin usually occurs in wetlands, including swamps, fens, and bogs. In Canada, this shrub occurs in Quebec and Ontario. Viburnum nudum, commonly called smooth witherod, is a rounded, multi-stemmed, upright-spreading, deciduous shrub that typically grows in the wild to 5-12’ tall and as wide. rank interpretation
Viburnum cassinoides - L. Retrieved 8 February 2017. The flowers, which appear in May or June, are arranged in flat-topped clusters. The fruit reportedly may be eaten raw or cooked, and was used by several native American tribes, including the Abnaki and the Algonquin. Because the berries are desirable to birds and the flowers to pollinators, this is the ideal shrub for your garden to become a certified wildlife habitat! Retrieved 8 February 2017. New York Natural Heritage Program. Online Conservation Guide for Rich Hemlock-Hardwood Peat Swamp. Retrieved 9 February 2017. Wild Raisin. However, the berries are not a preferred food, and this plant does not represent a significant share of the diet of any of our Adirondack wildlife. 194-197. New York Natural Heritage Program. An infusion has been used as a treatment for fever and convulsions. Plants of North Elba. They are narrowly egg-shaped or lance-shapedLanceolate: A leaf shaped like a lance head, tapering to a point at each end., with nearly-smooth or wavy edges with rounded, low teeth. A Guide to the Peatland Plants of the Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada (University Press of New England, 2016), pp. The New York Flora Atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy. Viburnum is a genus of about 150–175 species of flowering plants in the moschatel family Adoxaceae.Its current classification is based on molecular phylogeny. New York Natural Heritage Program. New York Flora Association.Â New York Flora Atlas. It is native to low woods, swamps and bogs in the eastern and southeastern U.S. from Connecticut south to Florida and Louisiana. Available at. The Illustrated Book of Wildflowers and Shrubs (Stackpole Books, 1993), pp. Viburnum nudum var. Bogs & Fens. cassinoides. cassinoides . Northern Wild Raisin also has some medicinal uses. Viburnum lentago: leaf blades with regular, fine, and sharp teeth throughout the margin and array of flowers unstalked (vs. V. nudum, with the leaf blades with irregular and usually rounded teeth (sometimes portions of the blade lacking teeth altogether) and array of flowers elevated on a stalk 5-50 mm long). inch wide, with five petalsPetals: Modified leaves that surround the reproductive parts of flowers. Possumhaw (Viburnum nudum) is a deciduous shrub or small tree that grows up to 4m tall. and T.A. This viburnum is often confused with winterberry (or winter holly), which goes by the same common name. Northern Forest Atlas. PNHP is a partnership between The Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, NatureServe. Possumhaw Viburnum is a 12-15-foot tall (some report up to 20 feet) x 12-15-foot wide, deciduous, wet-tolerant shrub of surprising ornamental value found in … The leaves are oppositely-arranged, shiny above, toothed or untoothed on the margin, oblong to elliptic in shape, and typically 8-13cm long. It tolerates both shady and wet sites, excellent for shrub borders, naturalizing and woodland sites. Viburnum nudum 'Winterthur' Common name: Winterthur Smooth Witherod. Retrieved 10 February 2020. iNaturalist. Trees and Shrubs of the Adirondacks: A Field Guide (Utica, New York: North Country Books, 1990), pp. Pennsylvania Natural Heritage Program. 2017. 49-50, 66, 71-72, 75-76, 121-122. White flowers spring, pink-purple berries in the fall. Retrieved 17 January 2017. pp. Northern Wild Raisin is an erect, medium-sized, long-lived shrub which reaches maximum height at maturity at about 15 feet. The individual flowers are white, Â¼ Grows in moist soils, swamps, and open woods. Viburnum nudum is a shrub with opposite, simple leaves, on slender stems. These are also in the genus Viburnum (of which there are over 150 species) but these two ornamentals are both from Asia. The flowers are white, borne in late spring. (Bulletin of the New York State Museum, Volume 6, Number 28, June 1899), p.100. The PA Biological Survey considers possumhaw to be a species of special concern, based on the relatively few occurrences that have been recently documented and its wetland habitat. Native Plant Trust. The flowers of Northern Wild Raisin appear in a dense cluster usually about four inches wide. Online Conservation Guide for Hemlock-Hardwood Swamp. William Carey Grimm. Ask your local nursery or garden center to help you and local wildlife, by selling “paired plants” for those species needing cross-pollination, including our beautiful native viburnums. The leaves are oppositely-arranged, shiny above, toothed or untoothed on the margin, oblong to elliptic in shape, and typically 8-13cm long. Somewhat smaller than Nannyberry, it has an especially beautiful form, often with one or more trunks and slender arching branches. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Red Squirrel, Eastern Chipmunk, Snowshoe Hare, Striped Skunk, and White-tailed Deer also eat the fruit, which can hang onto the bush into the winter. 2020. Retrieved 10 February 2020. The leaves reportedly may be used as a pleasant-tasting tea substitute. Flowers May - June, fruits August - November. Plan D: Purchase a cultivar and a straight species viburnum, of the same species, which are in bud or bloom at the same time. Spring blooms, fall color. 302-303. Foliage is a glossy dark green which displays beautiful fall colors of orange, red and maroon. New York Natural Heritage Program. The viability of known populations of possumhaw and its habitat would be enhanced by creating buffers around wetlands, controlling invasive species, and protecting the hydrology of the wetland and its surroundings. Possum Haw, Viburnum nudum– Grows to 4 meters tall. Range map for Wild Raisin (Viburnum nudum) PLEASE NOTE: A coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State. Each fruit is about ⅓ inch long. Viburnum nudum, commonly called smooth witherod, is a rounded, multi-stemmed, upright-spreading, deciduous shrub that typically grows in the wild to 5-12’ tall and as wide. The fruits, borne on colorful red stems, change color as they mature, starting off yellow-green to pink, and maturing to a dark blue-black. Retrieved 9 February 2017. A number of viburnums have been covered in the Green Industry News such as Viburnum x pragense, Viburnum sieboldii 'Seneca', and Viburnum x burkwoodii 'Mohawk'. Retrieved 10 February 2017. Description Possumhaw (Viburnum nudum) is a deciduous shrub or small tree that grows up to 4m tall. possumhaw – Viburnum nudum St. Johnswort – Hypericum densiflorum silky dogwood – Cornus amomum spicebush Lindera benzoin swamp azalea – Rhododendron viscosum swamp rose – Rosa palustris wild raisin – Viburnum cassinoides winterberry – Ilex verticillata SHRUBS for SUN Summersweet – Clethra alnifolia Retrieved 10 February 2017. Klein, Jr. 1993. Northern Wild Raisin (Viburnum nudum) growing in swampland on the shore of Little Colby Pond along the Lake Colby Railroad Tracks in Saranac Lake (26 August 2019). Attractive in shrub borders, hedges and foundation plantings. At White House Natives, we would like to shine a spotlight on both Viburnum nudum and Viburnum prunifolium. Wild Raisin. 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