This is why raising awareness about how palm oil production is harming the planet, animals, and people alike is so, so important. 5. 6. Daytime eaters, their diet consists mostly of fruit and leaves – but they also eat nuts, bark, insects … In total this is equivalent to about 50,6 million … Up to 300 football fields of forest are cleared every HOUR to make room for palm plantations. In 2004, an industry group called the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil was formed to work with the palm oil industry to address these concerns. Every second, 1600 litres are produced in the world. It is used in bread, cereals, chocolates, pizzas, cleaning products, chewing gum and even shampoo. Pop. Along with coconut oil, palm oil is one of the few highly saturated vegetable fats and is semisolid at room temperature. It is not to be confused with palm kernel oil derived from the kernel of the same fruit or coconut oil derived from the kernel of the coconut palm. Their diversity is highest in wet, lowland forests. This is where you come in. It is made from the fruit of oil palms. 7. Read More; carboxylic acids You will be … Palm oil isn't going to go away, but consumer pressure on the industry will help force the industry to reduce its impact on the environment. Between 1989 and 2000 the area covered by oil palms in Indonesia more than tripled, and the country now has over 6 million hectares of oil palm plantations. Palm oil is distinct from palm kernel oil, which is made from the seed of oil palm fruit. Palm oil is literally everywhere – in our foods, cosmetics, cleaning products and fuels. The palm oil industry has many negative effects upon a variety of sectors which include: the environment, health, and politics. Oil Facts for Kids. Palm oil is high in saturated fat. According to the Malaysian Palm Oil Council, the oil palm is the most efficient oil-bearing crop in the world. 15 Vegan Recipes to Settle Your Stomach During The Holidays! Get your favorite articles delivered right to your inbox! 10 Perfect Christmas Pot Pie Recipes Made Vegan! South East Asia has been widely affected due to fires used to destroy the rain forests. If you want to read more about Palm Oil and some detailed research, visit our Page, The link: https://www.truefoodsblog.com/articles/palm-oil-production-a-brief-overview-and-how-to-take-action-on-climate-change_1/, 10 Products You Didn’t Know Contain Animal Ingredients, How to Choose a Ripe Winter Squash (and Avoid the Bad Ones in the Bunch! Palm oil comes from oil palm trees like the ones seen in this picture Palm oil is made from the fruits of trees called African oil palms. Palm oil is obtained from the fruit of the oil palm tree. The traditional export of palm oil and palm kernels remains important. Palm trees are a botanical family of perennial lianas, shrubs, and trees. It is not to be confused with palm kernel oil derived from the kernel of the same fruit or coconut oil derived from the … 2. We follow the global supply chain. Why don’t we just switch to an alternative vegetable oil? Only 35 percent of palm growers that are members of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil are actually certified by the RSPO. Palm oil comes from the fruit of the oil palm tree, and because it's high in saturated fat, some experts say it's bad for you. Source: Nutrient data for this listing was provided by USDA SR-21. The Nigerian Institute for Oil Palm Research (1939) is here. ), Zoochosis and the Many Ways We Have Failed Zoo Animals, Photo of Pit Bull Who Used to Be Kept in a Crate and Abused for Fights Proves There Is Always Hope, Banana and Peanut Butter Flapjacks [Vegan, Gluten-Free], Watch Beautiful Moment Injured Elephant Calf Is Reunited With Mom After Horrible Snare Accident (VIDEO), Monkey Kept in Crate for 7 Years Has the Best Reaction to His New Sanctuary Home (VIDEO), crimes against animals, people, and the environment, problems in implementing and regulating the RSPO standards, https://www.truefoodsblog.com/articles/palm-oil-production-a-brief-overview-and-how-to-take-action-on-climate-change_1/. The Dark Facts About Palm Oil That Aren't Always Talked About. Oil palms are able to produce fruit for harvest within 4 to 6 years of planting, if fertilized well. Palm oil development allows easy access for poachers into exposed habitats that have been cleared for plantations. It is estimated that 1,000 orangutans are killed a year, a major factor in these deaths being forest clearing for palm production. It contains over 80 endemic species and some of the world’s most unique and iconic endangered wildlife such as the orangutan, elephant and tiger. Palm Oil Indonesia is home to some of the most rich and biodiverse rainforest in the world. [5] A single palm oil plantation can destroy the forests, watersheds, and forest resources of thousands of Indonesians, leaving entire forest communities to face poverty, many for the first time. Crushing and extracting the oil from the fruit of the tree produces palm oil. 4. In 2011, Wilmar (one of the world’s largest palm oil producers) bulldozers ransacked an entire village, destroying 40 homes to clear 40,000 hectares of land for a palm plantation. Like coconut oil, palm oil is semi-solid at room temperature. Palm oil is naturally reddish in color because of a high beta-carotene content. It is red in colour. There are two species of oil There are about 2600 species of palm trees. Originally found in West Africa, the oil palm tree is now mostly cultivated in Indonesia and Malaysia, the world’s largest palm oil-producing nations. The oil palm tree grows in regions around the equator. Palm oil is naturally reddish in color because of a high beta-carotene content. The use of palm oil in food products has attracted the concern of environmental activist groups; the high oil yield of the trees has encouraged wider cultivation, leading to the clearing of forests in parts of Indonesia to make space for oil-palm monoculture. 10. 1. 2. When the oil palm trees are three to four years old the fruits are harvested. Naturally, it is reddish in color due to the high content of beta carotene. But these animals are in grave danger. Oil palms are palm trees which grow hundreds of little orange/red fruits that are squashed, squeezed and pulped to produce palm oil. Adopt Don’t Shop! Need a Last Minute Holiday Gift? Making informed consumer decisions is an amazing way to influence corporations to change for the better. As I write in the December issue, palm oil is the world’s most popular edible oil, making up a third of all vegetable oil consumed across the planet. Palm oil is the world’s first certified sustainable vegetable oil. This is a mature palm plantation that’s reaching the end of life. urban agglom., 1,495,000. In palm oil consuming markets we will: Seek to enhance the EU’s pledged Initiative on Deforestation and forest Degradation – Stepping Up EU Action, resulting in a full-fledged Action Plan on Deforestation; continue promoting legislative restrictions on EU trade in illegal and unsustainable palm oil, and other like agricultural commodities One species in particular, the Sumatran orangutan, has been listed as critically endangered. Palm oil is used for preventing and treating vitamin A deficiency. Many industrial food applications of palm oil use fractionated components of palm oil (often listed as "modified palm oil") whose saturation levels can reach 90%; these "modified" palm oils can become highly saturated, but are not necessarily hydrogenated. One tablespoon of palm oil contains 55 percent of the daily recommendation of saturated fat. Nearly 45 million people live in the forests of Indonesia. A. This has resulted in significant acreage losses of the natural habitat of the three surviving species of orangutan. Image source: Marco Schmidt / Wikipedia Commons. Watch a Moo-a-Thon to Support Woodstock Farm Sanctuary Today! How to Get Natural and Fortified Vitamin D From Plant-Based Foods. It is estimated that 33% of all the products in your local supermarket contain palm oil - that’s a lot of products! It’s... 3. Palm oil ranks among the U.S. Department of Labor’s top four worst industries for forced and child labor. Palm oil is an edible vegetable oil derived from the mesocarp (reddish pulp) of the fruit of the oil palms, primarily the African oil palm, and to a lesser extent from the American oil palm and the maripa palm. The way people get MCT oil from coconut or palm kernel oil is through a process called fractionation. One source reported that humans consumed an average 17 pounds (7.7 kg) of palm oil per person in 2015. Palm oil is an edible vegetable oil derived from the mesocarp (reddish pulp) of the fruit of the oil palms, primarily the African oil palm, and to a lesser extent from the American oil palm and the maripa palm. And as long as kids work alongside their families rather than go to school, this cycle of abuse, exploitation, and poverty will go and on. Clearing one hectare (about two square acres) of peat forest can release 6,000 tons of carbon dioxide. One tablespoon of palm oil contains 55 percent of the daily recommendation of saturated fat. Palm oil threatens forest peoples. Palm oil is a vegetable oil derived from the fruit of a tree called, … Soybeans, in contrast, need about 10 times as much land to produce a ton of soybean oil. (2006 est.) As the result, it is estimated that the Sumatran tiger population will be extinct in LESS than three years if nothing is done to protect their habitat or combat poachers. Treehugger / K. Martinko. There are sustainable methods for producing palm oil that do not involve deforestation, human rights abuses, or animal deaths. Indonesia has currently cleared around six million hectares of tropical peat forest…they have plans to expand by four million more hectares by 2015. There is no denying that palm oil gets a lot of bad press…and rightly so! In 2006, at least 1,500 orangutans were clubbed to death by palm workers. Palm oil block showing the lighter color that results from boiling. There are more than 15 million hectares of oil palm plantations worldwide. In Indonesia, the palm oil industry is responsible for about 5,000 land and human rights conflicts. It’s a source of huge profits for multinational corporations, while at the same time destroying the livelihoods of smallholders. However, crude red palm oil that has been refined, bleached and deodorized, a common commodity called RBD palm oil, does not contain carotenoids. Most palms are native to tropical and subtropical climates. 15 Meaty Plant-Based Recipes for the Holidays. Palm oil is also cheaper than other types of oils. Palm oil is the #1 most consumed vegetable oil worldwide. Its use in the commercial food industry in other parts of the world is widespread because of its lower cost and the high oxidative stability (saturation) of the refined product when used for frying. In fact, according to Palm Oil Consumers Action, most Americans “have never heard of palm oil,” let alone understand the complex global conflicts its production has created! It requires only 0.26 hectares (about 0.6 acres) of land to produce one ton of oil. However, its melting point is 95°F (35°C), which is considerably higher than 76°F (24°C) for coconut oil. Got the Winter Blues? The differences are in color (raw palm kernel oil lacks carotenoids and is not red), and in saturated fat content: palm mesocarp oil is 49% saturated, while palm kernel oil and coconut oil are 81% and 86% saturated fats, respectively. It is rich in saturated vegetable fats and becomes semi solid at the room temperature. It is often used for cooking purposes. It is just a matter of holding corporations accountable for making positive change. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Additionally, in 1992, in response to concerns about deforestation, the Government of Malaysia pledged to limit the expansion of palm oil plantations by retaining a minimum of half the nation's land as forest cover. Online Puppy Scams Have Increased During the Pandemic, ‘We’re Keeping Her’ Says Ricky Gervais After Fostering Cat, Record Label Reveals Black Artists Received 3.4% Lower Royalties than their White Counterparts, Oil Spill in Mauritius Caused by Crew Searching for Better Phone Signal, Petition: Demand Himeji City Zoo Not Get Another Elephant After Himeko’s Death, Petition: Make Period Products Free Throughout the UK, 5 Reasons Not to Ask Santa for a Puppy or Kitten This Holiday Season, 10 Adorable DIY Christmas Presents for Your Pet. Advertisement. Palms thrive in moist and hot climates, however, they can be found in many different habitats. In Borneo, the forest (F), is being replaced by oil palm plantations (G). 9. The Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil has set bold guidelines to help reform the palm oil industry, promoting transparency, fair labor, and strict environmental standards. 1,500,000; (2016 est.) What is palm oil? Percent Daily Values (%DV) are for adults or children aged 4 or older, and are based on a 2,000 calorie reference diet. Palm oil is an incredibly efficient crop, … It is a tropical tree with leaves about 5 meters long. 20 facts you have to know about palm oil 1. What is palm oil? Palm oil also known as Red palm oil is a strong, savory and earthy tasting vegetable oil which is derived from the palm fruit of Elaeis guineensis. The vast majority of the worlds palm oil comes from Malaysia and Indonesia where the expansion of the industry has destroyed millions of hectares of rainforest. These are just some of the tragedies that play out for more than just palm oil production but all across the supply chains for the products that line our grocery store aisles. Palm kernel oil is used in food products such as margarine, ice cream, chocolate confections, and baked goods; it also is used in pharmaceuticals. 2. Support the work of these organizations to help spread the word about palm and make a change. Meaning the other 65 percent pay to be “members,” but have taken no action to adhere to the RSPO guidelines in their growing practices. In the past 10 years, the orangutan population has decreased by 50 percent as the result of habitat loss from forest clearing for palm plantations. Benin City is the site of the University of Benin (1970). Being publicly-funded gives us a greater chance to continue providing you with high quality content. Palm oil is high in saturated fat. Read on and find out where oil comes from, what it's used for, examples of common vegetable oils and more. Tens of millions of Indonesians rely directly on rainforests for their livelihoods. Current palm oil industry certifications … These changes are irreversible for all practical purposes (H). 10 Amazing Videos of Ocean Conservationists Interacting with Sharks. As a greater awareness is brought to the injustices of palm oil production, there is a greater push for change. 3. The Facts. Can Horse Carriages Ever Really Be Romantic? Palm oil is a vegetable oil. These 10 Plant-Based Foods Will Lift a Low Mood! This 2013 article by Benjamin Skinner, illustrates the deep seeds of human rights abuses prevalent in the palm industry. However, there are still a number of problems in implementing and regulating the RSPO standards and some corporations that have joined the Roundtable have yet to actually adopt better practices. The oil extraction rate from a bunch varies from 17 to 27% for palm oil, and from 4 to 10% for palm kernels. RSPO standards allow growers to plant on peat lands and to clear secondary forests. Already some industry leaders are working to develop "sustainable palm oil" that meets certain criteria to ensure that its production did not result in deforestation or hurt wildlife. FAO considers palm oil (coming from the pulp) and palm kernels to be primary products. The oil palm produces bunches containing a large number of fruits with the fleshy mesocarp enclosing a kernel that is covered by a very hard shell. Palm kernel oil is obtained by crushing and extracting the oil from the seed or kernel of the fruit. 1. By reading and sharing these facts about palm oil, you are helping to educate the many consumers that still do not know that they eat palm oil everyday. A Christmas Puppy: Good Idea or Bad Idea? There is no other vegetable oil on the planet that shows up in such a vast array of consumer goods, making consumers unknowingly complicit in horrific crimes against animals, people, and the environment. Unlike oil seed rape and sunflower oils palm oil is valued because it is solid at room temperature. Tropical peat lands store up to 10 times more carbon than “mineral soil,” meaning draining and planting on peat lands is up to 10 times more detrimental to the environment. A satellite image showing deforestation in Malaysian Borneo to allow the plantation of oil palm. Displacement of indigenous peoples, deforestation and loss of biodiversity are all consequences of our palm oil consumption. Please support us! Check out our range of fun oil facts for kids and enjoy learning some interesting information about crude oil, vegetable oil, synthetic oil and others. The Hard Facts As the global demand for palm oil has increased, so has the extent of land under oil palm cultivation. Its low cost makes palm oil the preferred cooking oil for millions of people around the world. Learn how your comment data is processed. There are only 6,300 Sumatran orangutans left. [6] Palm oil causes climate change There are two types of oil gained from the oil palm tree: palm oil and palm kernel oil. Palm oil fact sheet Q. 8. It is found in about half of the products that you might find at the supermarket, so it is a very popular ingredient. Palm oil is gained from the fruit of the oil palm and used mainly in the production of food, cosmetics and fuel. Sign up for daily news from OneGreenPlanet. 8 Plant-Based Recipes to Maintain Your Blood Pressure During the Holidays, 15 Mental Health Boosting Plant-Based Recipes for the Holidays. Find out what nutritionists say about palm oil and if it's healthy. Sponsor an Animal in Someone’s Honor! Footnotes for Vegetable oil, palm kernel. Palm oil is a common cooking ingredient in the tropical belt of Africa, Southeast Asia and parts of Brazil. This page was last modified on 15 December 2020, at 14:18. Palm oil is kind of vegetable oil made from the fruits of trees called oil palms. Each "~" indicates a missing or incomplete value. So start reading and share with everyone you know! 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