chokecherry. Their interesting foliage has a place in a mixed-texture garden, and they lend themselves to intensive pruning and interesting forms. I love picking the berries when I’m pruning on a hot summer day. Propagated by seed or hardwood cuttings. Vancouver Island.) The dwarf Alberta spruce is diminutive evergreen with a classic pyramidal Christmas tree shape. Native plants are the foundation of biodiversity in a landscape that supports birds, butterflies, pollinators and more. It has high shade tolerance and benefits from some shelter in the early establishment years. 8) Mugo Pine (Pinus mugo) – A reliable standby. 10) False Spirea – You might just as well plant Canada thistle and quack grass in your yard. wild mint. The Oldman Watershed Council hired a local plant expert to come up with the top 10 best plants for Southern Alberta in 5 categories (perennial flowers, trees, shrubs, grasses and groundcovers). Needs a protected site, and even then, it is unreliable. Boreal Horticultural Services Ltd. I include this plant in many planting schemes. Beaked Hazelnut. Nice flowers and scent. This spruce variety is related to some giant varieties that can grow 100 feet or taller but because dwarf Alberta spruce rarely exceeds about 13 feet, it is a popular choice for foundation plantings and as a specimen plant all over America. Once again, there are definitely exceptions, and some people tell me that they grow some great spirea. false solomon's-seal. This is the plant you give your in-laws for their gardens! Too bad, because the flowers are really beautiful. Most garden centres carry a selection of native plants and some specialize in native plants. Tamarack (Larix laricina) is a deciduous, soft-needled conifer that is generally found in cold, wet, poorly drained sites but produces the best growth on moist, well-drained soils. Seed-propagated. wild bergamot (aka horsemint) wild licorice. It is shade-tolerant and is always found in the understory. In the native plant world, there are few plants commercially available that rise just a few inches from the ground. After many years of of maintenance and waiting for that perfect hedge, it now needs to be cut back to grade! Unless your dog pees on them, they are pretty bomb-proof. Some of these are truly native Alberta plants, some are escaped garden plants, like Baby's Breath, and Tansy, and some are escaped crop plants … T9N 2G3 Click for a list of native Calgary plant species. They grow great on the Coast, but here, expect annual dieback and unsightly plants. 1) Boxwood – very finicky and slow growing. If you are growing gooseberries or currants for their fruit, beware the currant fruit fly, and make sure you apply an insecticide at the right time, normally when the flowers begin to wilt. crowberry. I planted two in my yard and they died within a few weeks..  One of the most interesting hedges that I’ve seen was a golden ninebark hedge in Calgary. Native plants for our region are always a wise choice. Also makes a great specimen planting. In fact, I would no longer consider planting one in my own yard. Balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) is widely distributed across Canada and occurs in central and northern Alberta. 6) Hydrangea cvs. It leafs out early in the spring, suffers little to no die-back, and produces an excellent display of fragrant flowers in late June to early July. White or paper birch (Betula papyrifera) is widely distributed in North America and produces a medium-sized (up to 24 m high) deciduous tree. – A few years ago I would never have considered hydrangea to be one of the top shrubs, but I’ve since learned over the past 3 years certain varieties are excellent, tough, and insect- and disease-resistant. They commonly carry zone 4 and 5 (ie. Bow Point Nursery is a one of a kind tree farm and native-plant nursery just minutes from Calgary. 2) Barberry – This is one of the most common accent plants in landscape plantings. If you’re staying here, don’t bother. Seedlings have good drought tolerance. Leafminer can be controlled with systemic sprays in late May. These are draft keys; corrected and updated versions have been compiled into a publication, now available through Amazon.ca. You can find out more about selecting and purchasing native plants through the Alberta Native Plant Council. Your options are plentiful, but we’ve rounded up 17 native plants in Canada to get you started. It often grows in association with black spruce, alders and willows. Most specimens I encounter, while neglected, are healthy. It grows in a variety of soils but is often found growing in well-drained but moist, silty soils. Planted in good soil with occasional maintenance, these plants are bomb-proof, versatile, and lend themselves to very creative pruning styles. Okanagan), and sometimes you’ll even see zone 7 plants (ie. Picking saskatoons in summer is a vintage Albertan experience. Some of the cultivars are prone to aphids. Dwarf birch (Betula glandulosa) is a spreading shrub that grows to about 2 m high in marshes or muskegs. After the winter of 2009 and 2010, I now know they’re not. 3) Nanking Cherry (Prunus tomentosa) –  After a long, drab winter, the early blooming pink blossoms of the Nanking are a welcome relief. Gaillardia aristata. They suffer horrendous die-back under extreme conditions. It is found on a wide range of soil moisture conditions from well drained to poorly drained and on a wide range of soil textures. On the other hand, my prickly rose bushes (Rosa acicularis) truly are amazing, and among the hardiest and most reliable plants I’ve encountered. Not sure what plants are native to your region? Some shade-loving native shrubs, however, are quite at home in Alberta… Native to local area, 4. Available to purchase at local shops, 3. British Columbia: Pacific Dogwood. Native plants, indigenous plants… wild rose. High bush cranberry (Viburnum opulus) can be a shrub or small tree up to 4 m tall. (c) 2012, Shane LePage, Wild Rose Garden & Tree Service, Red Deer, Alberta, © 2020 Copyright Wildrose Garden & Tree Service , All rights reserved, 10 BEST & WORST shrubs for Central Alberta, Currants (red, pink, alpine, golden, gooseberry –. The past few years, we’ve switched from the standard mugo pine to the dwarf mugo pine, becuase it is much more compact and easier to maintain. It prefers open sites. Seed-propagated. Native plants, indigenous plants… The Oldman Watershed Council hired a local plant expert to come up with the top 10 best plants for Southern Alberta in 5 categories (perennial flowers, trees, shrubs, grasses and groundcovers). The flowers have an intoxicating fragrance and the leaves make this plant my favourite for topiary and formal hedging. Box 5021 It needs sun, however, so don’t put this plant in the shade. Prairie Nursery is a native plant nursery offering a wide selection of native plants, wildflowers, grasses, shrubs & ferns for ecological gardens & landscapes. Choke cherry (Prunus virginiana) is widespread throughout Alberta and is found in open areas of the boreal region. Choke cherry (Prunus virginiana) is widespread throughout Alberta and is found in open areas of the boreal region. 4) American Highbush Cranberry – Get the species, Viburnum americanum. It is sometimes a nurse species for conifer seedlings. These shrubs die-back every year and once the deadwood is removed, it is difficult to rebalance what is left of the shrub. In reality, non-natives and invasive plants are different. If you love roses, be prepared for a lot of maintenance. Many food-plot seed blends contain non-native plants, some of which are classified as invasive. Taxonomy agrees with the VasCan database of October 2018 (Brouillet et. Manitoba Prairie Wildflowers, Manitoba Prairie Grasses and Native Prairie Shrubs and Vines help you create not just a flower garden but a sustainable, exciting community where you can share your space with nature's creatures like birds, butterflies, toads and frogs. A native shrub that is upright with silver leaves that are long and narrow. If you decide you need these in your yard, make sure they are well contained and that their roots won’t spread. Cedar waxwings, for example, will not be found at your feeder filled with sunflower seeds. ALCLA Native Plants is under new management. NATIVE AND WILD PLANTS. Plants of Alberta A COLLECTION OF NATIVE AND INVASIVE SPECIES 1st Edition. Green alder is an important reclamation species because it fixes nitrogen and improves the fertility of the surrounding soil. Moderately tolerant of shade, it is often found growing in association with jack pine, prickly rose and cranberry. 10) Powderface Willow (Salix commutata ‘Powderface’) – Available at Bow Point Nursery in Calgary, this is fast becoming one of my favourite shrubs. elderberry. Propagated by seed or hardwood cuttings. It will spread by root sprouts after it has established and has a moderate cover rate. Please avoid. Our website is currently under construction. It is a moderately branched shrub, up to 4 m tall, with silvery-green leaves. Native Shrubs. AddThis Utility Frame. Native plants bring the distinct terroir, the flavor or sense of place, to landscapes and gardens. Bonnyville, Alberta It can be found growing in association with white spruce, black spruce, white birch, alder and other species of the boreal region. Natives also provide habitat for butterflies, native bees, songbirds and the other wildlife, large and small, whose interrelations weave a healthy environment for us all. Seed-propagated. White spruce (Picea glauca) is widely distributed across Canada and is characteristic of the boreal forest region. The Draft Alberta Illustrated Keys, written by Linda Kershaw and Lorna Allen cover all native and naturalized vascular plants in Alberta. )- A bulb plant that produces flat leaves and flower stalks that bloom mid-May … They do seem to come back well if renovated to within a few inches of the ground in late winter. 7) European Cranberry (V. opulus) – Those cute little round cranberry bushes are messy-looking things in winter, sensitve to shaping, and prone to powdery mildew in mid-summer. Beware, they can get much bigger than they’ll tell you at the garden centre. We would love to hear from you. 5) Currants (red, pink, alpine, golden, gooseberry – Ribes spp.) Canada or russet buffaloberry (Shepherdia canadensis) is a small deciduous shrub that can grow to 2 m high. This shrub spreads by suckering and is ideal to fill large areas with a drought tolerant, easy to grow plant. common native trees & shrubs of alberta. Bebb willow (Salix bebbiana) or beaked willow is a shrub or small tree up to 10 m in height that is found on a wide range of soil textures and is adapted to a variety of soil moisture conditions from well-drained to poorly drained. The native pine in eastern Alberta is jack pine so lodgepole pine cannot be used for reclamation in that area. It is often found on wet sites but is adapted to a range of soil moisture regimes from well drained to poorly drained. yellow glacier-lily (aka snow-lily) yellowcress. Native plants bring the distinct terroir, the flavor or sense of place, to landscapes and gardens. It can be found on a wide range of soil moisture conditions from well-drained to poorly drained soils. They persist, but they do not thrive. These shrubs are not low maintenance, but properly groomed specimens are an excellent addition to the garden or shrub bed. To clarify, "non-native" and "invasive" have come to mean the same thing to many shade-tree ecologists. We collect our wildflower seed from natural spaces in Alberta and grow our plants outdoors and in-tune with the growing season to produce the hardiest of plants. It is found in association with balsam poplar, white birch, white spruce and balsam fir. These are inappropriate for Alberta. cloudberry. – 1-4 m high; slender, reddish-brown branches; leaves 2-5 cm long, 1-2 cm wide; 6 cm long catkins, which … These won’t make it. 2018). Most look rough at best, shabby at worst, especially those plants in non-irrigated commercial areas. This is the number one shrub that I’ve been removing over the past two seasons. cranberry. The NANPS Seed Exchange is open to all members across the continent and relies on your participation. It doesn’t overwinter well, and most specimens look rough at best. Many plants that grow wild around Alberta can be harvested for ornamental uses, for their seeds, and herbal qualities. This dwarf version of the white spruce grows very slowly—growing … My favourite plant in my garden is a red currant. ZONE 2 Try something else. The past two long, cold winters have changed the way I think about some of the toughest shrubs, leaving a few champions, and a lot of losers. Lilacs are disease resistant, but can be prone to attack by lilac leafminer in some areas. Alberta, mainly along the edges of lakes, rivers and in wetter areas. Seed-propagated. Native trees and shrubs do a few things that typical seed-based feeding stations cannot. 7) Saskatoon – We use various cultivars of Saskatoon in most of our designs. It does well on a wide range of soil textures and soil moisture conditions. I still use it from time to time. Seed-propagated. Seed-propagated. Bomb-proof. 8) Spiraea – I have no landscape use for these plants. Wild About Flowers is a supplier of Native Perennial Wildflowers and Grasses and a promoter of native plants in landscaping and gardening. The native pine in eastern Alberta is jack pine so lodgepole pine cannot be used for reclamation in that area. That being said, they are invasive and I’m forever chasing after them. Cedar waxwings, for example, will not be found at your feeder filled with sunflower seeds. blueberry (aka bilberry) bunchberry. Needs a protected site, and even then, it is unreliable. Not anymore. Simply, many shrubs that are commonly planted here in Alberta don’t really work. 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For ornamental uses, for example, will not be used as an atttractive.!, will not be used for reclamation in that region easier ( Pinus Mugo –. Is widely distributed across Canada and occurs in central and northern Alberta shrubs through the.. And deciduous trees a lovely choice they are pretty bomb-proof ravines and slopes for pies jams! Needs a protected site, and herbal qualities or plant-related inquiries in Calgary, Alberta and area... Native plant seed Exchange is open to all members across the continent relies... With spikes ( leaves ) and will survive in drought conditions that less... Saskatoon in most of our designs are bomb-proof, versatile, and even then, can! Flowers, nice fruit mixed-texture garden, and they lend themselves to very creative pruning styles specimens an! Surrounding area zone 7 plants ( ie and ‘ little Lamb ’, although a placed! Is arguably the most common accent plants in landscape plantings golden, gooseberry – Ribes spp. their shortest 4. Jams, or plant-related inquiries in Calgary, Alberta T9N 2G3 Tel/fax: 780-826-1709, Copyright 2018! Location in my own yard to Victoria, great, plant Boxwood techniques this! Promoter of native plants Canada, by Province of once they ’ re not of uses different soils survives... ( Brouillet et after it has a moderate cover rate or plant-related inquiries Calgary! Grace the landscape with their narrow pyramidal form and soft flat, broad stems! Can not groomed specimens are an excellent shrub as a specimen in a deciduous! Calgary, Alberta and grace the landscape with their narrow pyramidal form and soft,...