This compact male holly shrub has an upright habit. The foliage grows from dark purple stems, and is small, glossy, and very spiny, like a hedgehog. Nellie Stevens Holly. The red berries are taken to be the blood that Jesus once shed on the day he was crucified. Firstly, the berries produced by Finetooth holly are smaller and secondly, it is a semi-evergreen tree which means that it doesn’t shed all its leaves during the winter months. With the arrival of spring comes a mass of tiny creamy green flowers, which on female plants will develop into bright orange-red berries if pollinated by a male holly. It produces small mid-green foliage, which holds its color all year round. The branches of this tree are usually covered shiny black or dark brown bark that eventually flakes off as the tree begins to age. They are the standard type of evergreen hollies that are found in most garden centers and nurseries. Depending on the species, holly can be evergreen or can be a deciduous holly. Other than the holy sentiments attached to the holly tree, the traditional holly (Ilex aquifolium) has always been admired for its bright red berries, and lush green foliage. Related: Types of Germander | Types of Eucalyptus Trees | Types of Rhododendrons, 12 Different Types of Holly Bushes and Trees, Different Varieties of Holly Bushes and Trees. are shrubs or small trees that grow in temperate zones around the world. Japanese Holly (I. crenata) Japanese hollies are generally softer in texture than Chinese hollies. The dark green spiny leaves have a glossy texture and keep their color throughout every season. It has a slow growth habit, forming a loose round shape with its many slender branches. Their foliage varies, too, ranging from large, spiny leaves to smooth, small leaves that resemble boxwood. Perhaps, if you have ever properly listened to the numerous Christmas carols that people sings throughout this holiday season, you would have noticed that one of them is called “The Holly and the Ivy”. This is a deciduous species that grows really well sandy soils, which is primarily why it is often called by its other common name ‘sand holly’. Holly ( Ilex) is by far one of the most popular landscape plants used today. English holly is often crossed with Tsuru holly in order to produce the blue hollies or Meserve hollies (Ilex x meserveae). Its trees are blunt-tipped that grow up to 2-6 inches and often sport a beautiful dark green color. They grow to an average height of 15 feet a 10-foot spread. 4. They used to make the tea from dried leaves and shoots from a variety of different holly species that resulted in quite a unique blend of delicious tea. Any variety of male blue holly (Ilex x meserveae) can be used to pollinate the red beauty holly, which will result in juicy round red berries. Holly can be evergreen or deciduous and range greatly in size and shape. The berries persist all through winter, looking exceptionally striking on the skeletal frame of the tree once all the leaves have dropped. Email The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. These trees are commonly used in native plantings, as shrub borders, mass planting, and for fruit displays during the fall and winter season. Most Holly … The main reason behind the belief was that unlike many other plant and tree species, holly remained exceptionally strong and green. In spring, an abundance of creamy green small flowers appears, which will develop into bright red berries on female trees. This variety is often confused with the winterberry, but there are two main distinguishing traits between them. This compact holly bush forms a neat pyramid shape, looking pruned and well-kept with no effort at all. It is a round type of shrub with glossy dark green leaves that are often spiny, and bright red berries that offer a great contrast against the lush green foliage. These are some of the most common and popular varieties of the holly tree, each with their unique characteristics, features and uses. Their unique name is a reference to the fruits produced by this plant and its other name ‘gallberry’ has been derived from the fact that once upon a time, black ink was made with the help of galls of oaks. Tiny white flowers appear on this female holly bush in the spring, which will develop into bright red round berries in the fall if the blooms were pollinated by a male holly bush. What is even more surprising is that it produced its bright red fruit and colorful flowers even in the harshest of weather conditions. Hollies can also be planted individually as ornamental trees, accenting gardens and entryways. The foliage of the plant has a leather-like texture, is dark green, and has moderately sharp spines. The fruit produced by these trees are black in color and not as attractive as those produced by the other species in the same genus. Holly tree (llex ) is a member of the family of low-maintenance and evergreen plants, which can grow up from 12-inch bushes to 50 feet big trees. These are also native to North America. These spines are quite similar to horns in appearance which is what gave it the name ‘horned holly’. With those smaller leaves it is ideal for smaller specimens and hedges, leaving the bigger hedges to … These trees produce small white-green colored flowers that appear on the plant sometime during late March or early April. A mix between a Chinese and English Holly, Nellie is admired for its glossy green foliage year-round and the radiant red berries that grow in the fall. The leaves of this tree are quite rectangular in shape with three lobes sticking up that have spines on them. Carissa Dwarf Holly. Growing conditions: Plant in areas with moist, well-drained and slightly acidic soil. Native to the US, this plant has a good tolerance of wet and soggy soils, so it is ideal for planting in boggy soils or along streams and riverbanks. These common shrubs grow to an average height of 30 to 40 feet and prefer full sun to partial shade for successful growth. Another cultivar of the Japanese holly is called Compacta which is quite a neat, globe-shaped group of trees. It is typically found in peripheries of bogs and swamps, and can also be found in sandy wood areas. There are many types of holly shrubs: English holly (Ilex aquifolium) is one of the most common with its familiar glossy, dark-green spiky leaves and bright red berries used for Christmas displays. Remember there are two different types of Holly plants, the evergreen types, and the deciduous types (the ones that lose their leaves in winter). American Holly. It grows in an upward clumping manner and typically reaches a height of 5-8 feet. This narrow holly shrub has a pyramid shape that works well in containers or as a standalone specimen plant. This holly has red berries and is also on the small side, growing as a tree and reaching maximum heights of 15 feet. Due to its ability to cope with wet soil, it is one of the few holly plants which do not require well-draining soil. Like all holly plants, the American holly tree is dioecious, which means that a plant will either be male or female. Trees.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. It thrives in a wide range of soils, including wet and boggy soil types. Different types of holly have varying care needs, with some being drought-tolerant and some preferring boggy soil. Several birds and animals also enjoy these plants and are attracted to their gorgeous colors. This shrub has a vigorous growth habit and will thrive in a wide range of soil types, though it prefers a well-draining and slightly acidic soil. It will naturalize easily, so prune away suckers if you want to prevent this. This cultivar is quite dramatic that grows less than 2 feet wide and in terms of height, it manages to grow as tall as 10 feet. The flowers bloom in spring and are usually inconspicuous, and they come with bright red berries. 9 Different Indoor Tropical Plants - Growing Guides & Photos. The berries are a food source for birds, but those which do not get eaten will persist through to winter, providing vibrant color to the winter garden. Learn more. Christmas Tree Economics: Are Baby Boomers Killing the Christmas Tree Industry? Berries: none. The majority of these are dioecious, so they require both a male and female plant within pollination distance of each other in order for the female to produce fruits. The flowers produced by this plant are often greenish white in color and they are usually formed in clusters of white with prominent green centers. Suggested plants to pair this with in order to encourage pollination and result in fruiting is male blue holly plants such as ‘blue prince’ and ‘blue stallion.’. Ilex aquifolium ‘Silver Queen’ Ilex aquifolium ‘Silver Queen’ is grown for its distinctive foliage – it has … Types of Holly Shrubs and More. This is a female variety of holly which produces tiny white flowers that precede black colored berries. There are 4 main types of ornamental hollies: Blue Holly - Ilex meserveae - these have the typical holly shaped leaves and are evergreen shrubs. Holly trees are dioecious, meaning there are both male and female trees. It is also known as evergreen holly, Indian black drink, Christmas berry and Cassina. This type of holly is also commonly known as ‘Yule Holly and ‘Christmas Holly,’ as it is popularly used in wreaths and other decorations over the festive period. This is a female holly which is native to the east of North America. A compact, dense bush with medium green, glossy foliage. The cultivar Ilex aquifolium ‘Rubricaulis Aurea’ is an English holly with variegated leaves. Even holly’s berries come in a variety of hues that include red, pink, blue, orange, yellow, and white. Coming from the Hawaiian Islands, Hawaiian Holly is typically found in wet forests and mixed mesic areas. These bright fruits emerge in great abundance, making this one of the most prolific fruiting evergreen holly plants. They grow almost 6-15 cm long and 2-4 cm wide. They are commonly native to the British Isles, and southern and central Europe. These leaves will transform into a purple-yellow color in fall, before turning entirely yellow and falling to the ground. This evergreen holly bush is the most popular of all that is used in Christmas decorations, which is one of the reasons why it is also called the ‘Christmas holly.’ This is primarily due to the unique shape of the leaves that is often associated with this festive season. It needs to be grown in acidic soil, as these plants grown in neutral or alkaline soils tend to struggle and die. Find out how to grow holly trees in a container and growing condition holly Plant, Holly Plant Care etc. It prefers full sun and well-drained, humus-rich and moderately fertile soils in order to grow to perfection. Their symbolism is one of the main reasons why they are used as such a major part of Christmas décor. The spiny leaves of this female blue holly are a dark blue-green color with a glossy finish. This is where the holly gets its botanical species name of Ilex vomitoria. Ultimately, they began to associate the tree with fertility and eternal life. Holly, or Ilex, is a plant genus made up of many hundreds of species. The berries of this tree are a stunning bright and glossy red that adds great beauty to the entire winter landscape; however, these species are not used as commonly as the rest for Christmas holiday decorations. This plant flowers abundantly in spring with tiny white flowers that can develop to shiny bright red berries when pollinated. It is well suited to cold climates and is hardy down to USDA hardiness zone 3. Types of Shrubs. The incredible holly tree has also been found to contain numerous medical benefits and previously, the leaves of this tree was used to cure smallpox and catarrh. A. This plant enjoys moist soil, though it is drought-tolerant once established. It is often found growing in swamps or in the edges of the woods. This plant is an attractive specimen in its own right, but also serves the purpose of pollinating nearby female holly plants so that they can produce berries. The branches are densely packed together and adorned with tiny leather-like leaves, which are bright medium green in color. They are dark green, with a glossy finish. Low maintenance and drought tolerant. Holly is an ancient plant that has been used by former civilizations for decoration and ceremonial reasons. Spring, a variegated type with irregular bands of yellow on the leaves. The Holly shrub, botanically known as Ilex, is a genus comprising of about 400 species. Hedgehog holly can adapt to a partially shaded position, but variegated varieties like this do tend to perform better in full sun. The foliage is deep green, narrow, and smooth-edged, with tips that are flushed with red in spring. While it enjoys full sun in the morning, it will need protection from the intense light and heat of the afternoon with some shade. It is popularly used during the Christmas season because it is believed to be truly connected to the merriment and celebrations associated with Christmas. The Blue Princess holly prefers growing in moist, well-drained soils as well as full sun to partial shade conditions. The growth forms also can vary from upright to weeping types. Specimen plants are usually tall and can stand alone as a focal plant. This variety of holly is an evergreen growing tree that attains an average height of 33-36 feet. The leaves sport a dark green color and their shape ranges from oval to elliptical. The compact form is rounded to create a dense mound. Holly plants have many different leaf shapes and vary in size. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. Dwarf Holly Bushes . They come in a range of s… So, the Druids began to hang hollies in their homes as a way to protect themselves from evil and also bring in good luck and good times. It is a deciduous shrub with deep green, ovate leaves that have serrated edges. This variety of holly gets its name from its creator, Mrs. F. Leighton Meserve from New York. The wood of the holly tree is tight-grained and extremely robust which it holds a great value since historic times in terms of its uses for furniture making. It has won the Award of Garden Merit from the Royal Horticultural Society (Royal Horticultural Society). Foliage is dark deep green, with a creamy white margin around the outer edges. The number of species of shrubs is as numerous as it can get. The branches and twigs were also utilized by American Indians since they contain caffeine. These evergreen hollies are native to Puerto Rico, Caribbean on the Bahamas, Cuba, southeastern coast of North America and Virginia to Southeast Texas. Finetooth holly is commonly found in China and Japan and grows to an average height of 6 feet to 15 feet tall. Furthermore, holly bushes grow back even after all their branches are cut off. The lifespan of the Hawaiian holly extends up to more than 5 years and are considered to be one of those long-lived trees. Aquifoliaceae, the holly family, in the order Aquifoliales, found worldwide, comprising two genera and about 400 species of shrubs and trees, best known for the genus Ilex (see holly). Special Features: Winter hardy to low temperatures. Holly leaves are generally thick and tough, regardless of species. Holly shrubs have a neat, compact growth that is ideal for narrow hedgerows. You can also expect to find them growing with pines like shortleaf pine, loblolly, slash and several kinds of oak species. Hollies are also especially fast-growing, with Nellie Stevens Holly topping the list at 3 feet per year. There are quite a few different holly varieties that you will find in most households, especially during the colorful Christmas season. 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